The Fair Use Doctrine is probably the most important exemption to copyright protections for educational settings, allowing many uses of copyrighted works for the purposes of teaching and research.
The Association of Research Libraries has published a Know Your Copy Rightsbrochure that includes a one-page chart that highlights 24 situations when various categories of works can be used.
Tools to Help You Determine Fair Use
Fair Use Analysis Tool: guides users through the process of determining if a use is fair. Developed by the University of Minnesota Libraries.
Fair Use Evaluator: helps users collect, organize, and document the information they may need to support a fair use claim, and provides a time-stamped PDF document for the users’ records. Developed by the American Library Association, Office for Information Technology Policy.
Fair Use Checklist: helps users of copyrighted works determine whether their activities are within the limits of fair use under U.S. copyright law. Developed by Columbia University Libraries.