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Biblical Interpretation: Evaluating and Using Resources

Scholarly/Peer Reviewed Journals

What are "scholarly" or "peer-reviewed" articles?

  • Written by scholars or experts on the topic

  • Content has been critically evaluated by other experts

  • Contain citations (footnotes and/or bibliography) documenting sources

Evaluating Sources

With all resources, apply the CRAAP test!  

Currency: When was the information published or updated? Is there more recent information available on your topic?
Relevance Who is the intended audience? How in-depth is the information? Is the information overly basic or highly specialized? Is the information appropriate for your research?
Authority Can you find information about the author from sources? Is the author a self-proclaimed expert or enthusiast? What are the author's or publisher's credentials?
Accuracy Is the information well written? Is the information verifiable elsewhere? Are the sources of information documented?
Purpose Is the information biased or prejudiced? Is the information designed to entertain, disseminate scholarly information, or sell something? Is the information presented complete? For internet sources, how is the site funded?