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Citation Guidelines: Citing Images

A short guide to citing research in MLA, APA, and Turabian formats.

Handout

If you do not know the source of an image you have found, in Google Images you can upload an image- look for the camera icon in the search box.

APA

Images, diagrams and artistic works should be cited as you would cite any other type of work.
 
Note:
  • Images can use a caption for citation.
  • Include as much information as you can to help your audience get back to the original source.
  • Owl at Purdue explains the use of captions for photographs and figures:
     
    "Captions serve as a brief, but complete, explanation and as a title. For example, “Figure 4. Population” is insufficient, whereas “Figure 4. Population of Grand Rapids, MI by race (1980)” is better. "
Tip:  give as much information as possible about the images that you have used, including as much of this infromation as you can find:
  • creator's name (author, artist, photographer etc.)
  • date the work was published or created
  • title of the work
  • place of publication
  • publisher
  • type of material (for photographs, charts, online images)
  • website address and access date
  • name of the institution or museum where the work is located (for artworks and museum exhibits)
  • dimensions of the work (for artworks)
  • copyright information and a statement of permission for use. 
General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Artist Surname, Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Artist Surname, Year)
      References:
      Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format].
            Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

       Reference (No Author)
      Title of work [Type of work]. (Year image was created). 
            Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

       Reference  (No Author, No Title, No Date)
             [Subject and type of work]. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

  Examples
 
      In-Text Citation Paraphrase or Quotation :
      (Baumel, 2010)
 
      References list:
      Baumel, A.  (2010). Cholera treatment center in Haiti [Online image]. 
             Retrieved October 2, 2010 from https://www.doctorswithoutborders.or
 
       Reference  (No Author, No Title, No Date):
       [Untitled illustration of a sleeping dog ]. Retrieved December 5, 2010
             from http://www.sleepinganimals/pix.com
 

MLA

Images, diagrams and artistic works should be cited as you would cite any other type of work.
 
Note:
  • Images can use  captions.
  • Include as much information as you can to help your audience get back to the original source.
  • For MLA, Owl at Purdue states:
     
    • Captions provide titles or explanatory notes.
    • Source information documentation will always depend upon the medium of the source illustration. If you provide source information with all of your illustrations, you do not need to provide this information on the Works Cited page.