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Citation Guidelines: Overview

A short guide to citing research in MLA, APA, and Turabian formats.

What's in this guide?

Belk Library's Citation Guidelines
A short guide to citing research in MLA, APA, and Chicago formats.

The three styles used by most academic disciplines are:

If there are other style guides you need to reference. Conduct a title or subject search in the ASU library catalog to determine if we have access to these additional style guides.

Why Do I Need to Cite My Sources?

When you write a research paper, you will start by reading the research that other have done before you. In your paper you will mention (or "cite") the sources you have consulted. At the end of the paper you will include a bibliography or works cited section, an alphabetical list of citations that contain all the information that readers and/or your instructor will need to locate these resources. 

What is a citation?

A citation describes a book, journal article, website, or other published item and gives credit to the originator of an idea. Appropriate use of citations prevents instances of plagiarism. In addition a citation enables the reader of the work to retrieve the item you have referenced. Citations should reflect all of the information a person would need to locate a particular source (e.g. author's name, title of work, publication title, volume & issue number, web address, etc)

What are in-text citations?

In-text citations consist of just enough information to correspond to a source's full citation in a Works Cited list. In-text citations often require a page number (or numbers) showing exactly where the relevant information was found in the original source material.

What is a bibliography?

A bibliography is a list of citations for all of the relevant resources a person has consulted during his or her research.

What is a work cited list?

A works cited list presents citations for those sources referenced in a paper, presentation or other composition.

University Writing Center

The University Writing Center (UWC) offers free services to students, faculty, and staff of Appalachian State University.
Room 008 (lower level) Belk Library & Information Commons
Phone: 262-3144

Zotero and EndNote

Zotero and EndNote are citation management software that allow you to collect, organize, and reuse sources that you find in your research.