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BIBFRAME and Linked Data - A Primer: Overview

This guide is for you if you seek basic and digestible information on BIBFRAME and linked data and how it will impact the library cataloging world. New resources will be added as we discover them.

Projects & Implementations

Authorities and Vocabularies:

End User Experience:



Demos and Tools


BIBFRAME is the bibliographic framework initiative headed by Library of Congress as an eventual replacement for MARC.

BIBFRAME is created with the idea of allowing data to break free from the “silo” environment of the MARC record and onto the web.

What is linked data?

Linked data is the framework behind the semantic web. Semantic web recognizes relationships between data.

Semantic framework:  Subject -- Predicate -- Object
Example:  Tom Sawyer -- was written by -- Mark Twain


These relationships are known as “triples”

The web can recognize these relationships between data based on the foundation of the web specific standards XML and RDF (Resource Description Framework)

RDF labels data and allows machines to recognize relationships between data


The four rules for the Semantic Web

1. Use URIs as names for things

2. Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names

3. When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF, SPARQL)

4. Include links to other URIs to aid the discovery of more things

Example: Tom Sawyer was written by Mark Twain







Professor | Coordinator of Bibliographic Services

Beth Cramer's picture
Beth Cramer
Belk Library and Information Commons

(828) 262-4967

Assistant Professor | Metadata Librarian

Andrea Leonard's picture
Andrea Leonard